Gouramis are great choices with aquarists and breeding them can be a challenge, but a rewarding experience. Because they are Labyrinth Fish which means they breathe air from the surface , they must have access to the surface. They can survive in water with low oxygen levels, for this reason.
There are many kinds of Gouramis, all coming from South and Southeast Asia. Most of these fish are easy to breed but a few species, like the Kissing, the Chocolate and the Giant Gouramis are quite difficult. Here`s a list of the most favorite Gouramis.
First is the Pearl Gourami, one of the prettiest Gouramis. Females can reach 10 cm. and males can reach 12 cm. These fish love warm, shallow water, around 27 degrees C. and slow flowing water. They are very easy to keep. A calm fish, they eat almost anything, but green flakes and Grindal worms are preferred.
For their breeding tank, it should be at least 80 cm. long, or longer, with some anchored and some floating plants. It should have 15 to 20 cm. of water and no air or filtration. The temperature should be at 29 degrees C. In one spawning, the female can lay up to 2000 eggs. Once the fry become free-swimming, the male should be removed. You will take the female out right after she lays her eggs. as per www.articleset.com
For the Dwarf Gourami, the male will become brightly colored when it`s spawning time. Like Pearls, they will eat about anything, but like live foods and prepared mixtures. They need another tank for spawning.
The well-conditioned pair should be in a 40 to 60 liter tank that is densely planted with floating plants. The female will lay from 300 to 700 eggs. Take the female out after spawning and when the fry become free-swimming, take the male out.
The Honey Gourami male is a bright orange-yellow color and females are plain with a slightly shaded brownish-orange body that has a silvery fluorescent glow. They are a little more difficult to breed than the Dwarf Gourami. They need a 40 liter tank that has lots of floating plants and some open swimming areas.
They, too, will eat most anything you offer them, but live foods are best when breeding. Once the female has laid her eggs, remove her and when the fry become free-swimming, take the male out. Photos from left to right are the Pearl, the Dwarf and the Honey Gouramis.For more info, you can visit: www.articleset.com/articles-by_William-Berg_en.htm or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Image source en.wikipedia.org used with permission